“For a person is not a Jew who is one outwardly, and true circumcision is not something visible in the flesh. On the contrary, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly, and circumcision is of the heart—by the Spirit, not the letter. That man’s praise is not from men but from God.” (Romans 2:28–29 HCSB)

Paul redefines what a “Jew” is here in light of the New Covenant brought about by the advent of Jesus the Messiah.

  • Old : Racially a Jew—New: No particular race
  • Old: Physically circumcised—New: Circumcision is of the heart
  • Old: Relied upon the letter of the law—New: Reliant upon the Holy Spirit
  • Old: outward—New: inward
  • Old: visible outwardly—New: not visible in the flesh

Result and reason for hope and praise: Being a “Jew” in the New Covenant is a possibility for every living man, woman, and child, without exception due to race or economic status.

Which means, dear reader, you could be a Jew if: “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. They are justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.” (Romans 3:22–24 HCSB)

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