Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.” (Psalm 97:2, NASB95)

The psalmist here explains what we know and what we don’t know about God.

What we know:

  1. Yahweh reigns (vs. 1) – “Here is a simple proposition, which is a self-evident axiom, and requires no proof: JEHOVAH is infinite and eternal; is possessed of unlimited power and unerring wisdom; as he is the Maker, so he must be the Governor, of all things. His authority is absolute, and his government therefore universal. In all places, on all occasions, and in all times, Jehovah reigns.” [Adam Clarke]
  2. Righteousness and Justice are the foundation of his throne. This is huge!  It means that we can trust the Lord even when we do not understand what he is up to.  We may not be able to comprehend his ways, but we can hang on to the fact that what he does is fundamentally just and righteous.  We can know that the Judge of the whole earth will do right.

What we do not know:

  1. Clouds and thick darkness surround him. What we do not know is pretty much everything else.  God does not explain himself to us, nor does he need to, he is God.  His ways are not our ways and his thoughts not our thoughts.  Adam Clarke:

It is granted that this is a subject which cannot be comprehended. And why? Because God is infinite; he acts from his own counsels, which are infinite; in reference to ends which are also infinite: therefore, the reasons of his government cannot be comprehended by the feeble, limited powers of man. There must be clouds and darkness-an impenetrable obscurity, round about him; and we can no more comprehend him in what is called aeternitas a parte ante-the eternity that passed before time commenced, than we can in the aeternitas a parte post-the eternity that is to come, when time shall be no more.